The European research and innovation project iSCAPE (Improving the Smart Control of Air Pollution in Europe) works on integrating and advancing the control of air quality and carbon emissions in European cities in the context of climate change through the development of sustainable and passive air pollution remediation strategies, policy interventions and behavioural change initiatives.
Last week (23 August) members of the iSCAPE team participated in the Open Living Lab Days in Geneva, a great event fully packed with stimulating workshops and insightful conversations. We had some serious fun while exchanging best practices and discussing how and why...read more
iSCAPE researchers have been testing in Dublin how low boundary walls can reduce pedestrian exposure to air pollution. Low boundary wall structures were set up along Pearse Street and measurements were undertaken on the concentrations of the pollutants nitrogen oxides...read more
A very successful UK-Egypt Workshop on air quality and health took place in Cairo last week on the 10th July. The workshop organised as a part of the Higher Education Innovation Funding project RETINA and in partnership with the iSCAPE project aimed to provide a...read more
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Our Living Labs
How to make the project results useful for an entire city? iSCAPE fully embraces the Living Lab approach by bringing together all interested stakeholders around the challenge of co-creating real-time interventions – the passive control systems (PCSs) – designed ad-hoc for each test case and then deployed and tested in our real-life cities. To find out more about the iSCAPE Living Labs see: https://www.iscapeproject.eu/iscape-living-labs/ The effects in terms of altered air flow mechanisms on the local air quality and microclimate will be simulated using existing models and algorithms developed as part of the iSCAPE project in order to select the most effective PCS, particularly focusing on areas with populations vulnerable to air pollution e.g. schools and homes for the elderly near high-trafficked roads, for each Living Lab.
TCD and DCC have extensive experience of monitoring and modelling traffic impacts on air quality. The involvement of DCC as partner will allow iSCAPE to have the first real world experiment of setting up a LBW and assessing its effectiveness in reducing air pollution exposure for pedestrians by engineering flow patterns and ventilation conditions in a high-trafficked street canyon in Dublin. The impacts of background pollution and local emissions will be controlled using the air quality forecasting model developed by TCD in collaboration with the Irish EPA and Met Office.
InnovationCity Ruhr is a pilot project with power to spread: in the next 6 years, a complete borough of Bottrop (70,000 inhabitants) is to become a model of energy efficiency. iSCAPE will enable the city to materialise the goal to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% by 2020 using innovative technologies and proven methods in mobility and climate proof urban renewal.
Bologna (IT): a first intervention in Bologna will estimate the role of trees as a Passive Control System to control the air quality inside the urban environment, relying on two field in situ measuring campaign during winter and summer. Results will be shared with local authorities to introduce new interventions, while stakeholders will help us involving citizens during the experiments.
In Lazaretto, a second intervention will allow to estimate the impacts of the use of photocatalytic coatings on a campus building. The test will be conducted estimating pollutants concentrations pre and post application of coats. Each part of the project will be shared between students and campus employees.
iSCAPE will assess different green passive cooling systems and find out different options; the physical properties of these systems will be studies and the cost-benefit structure of different options will be analysed in the current climate and in the future climate under different RCP-scenarios.
iSCAPE will use an activity-based modelling approach to assess ex-ante institutional changes in society in addition to land-use and transportation- system related factors, i.e. work times and work durations of individuals and opening hours of stores or other facilities for out-of-home activities. iSCAPE will test different responses such as changes in transport modes, frequency of trips, adaptations which are required to make the broader activity pattern consistent with the change, i.e. increase of out-of-home social activities in response to measures stimulating tele-working or an increased use of cars for shorter trips as a secondary effect of stimulating car-pooling for trips to work.
iSCAPE will assess the influence of a roadside vegetation barrier on air pollutants concentration and associated exposure under different vegetation and meteorological conditions. This test site presents typical roadside conditions along the busy roads in the UK and elsewhere, where vegetation barriers are used to restrict air pollution from reaching sidewalks. This case complements the Dublin and Bologna test cases (barrier in street canyon and big trees) by studying the impact of roadside vegetation barriers along busy roads (highways passing through the city) with both sides open.