News and updates
BBC News featured iSCAPE research in their recent article 'Cities need 'hedges as well as trees' for environment'. The article was published on the home page of the BBC International website and ended up being one of the most viewed stories of the day. The article...read more
iSCAPE mentioned in the Horizon Magazine among the 10 breakthrough to shape the Europe of the future. Check it out at the following link.read more
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Our Living Labs
iSCAPE fully embraces the Living Lab approach by bringing together a transdisciplinary team of scientists, developers (Nanoair Solutions), end users (the Cities and citizen initiatives) and other stakeholders (ARPA-ER) around the challenge of co-creating real-time interventions – the passive control systems (PCSs) – designed ad-hoc for each test case and then deployed and tested in our seven real-life Cities.
The effects in terms of altered air flow mechanisms on the local air quality and microclimate will be simulated using existing models and also algorithms developed as part of the iSCAPE project in order to select the most effective PCS, particularly focusing on areas with vulnerable populations to air pollution e.g. schools and homes for the elderly near high-trafficked roads, for each Living Lab. Finally the PCS will be assessed and/or installed in fully functioning Cities.
TCD and DCC have extensive experience of monitoring and modelling traffic impacts on air quality. The involvement of DCC as partner will allow iSCAPE to have the first real world experiment of setting up a LBW and assessing its effectiveness in reducing air pollution exposure for pedestrians by engineering flow patterns and ventilation conditions in a high-trafficked street canyon in Dublin. The impacts of background pollution and local emissions will be controlled using the air quality forecasting model developed by TCD in collaboration with the Irish EPA and Met Office.
InnovationCity Ruhr is a pilot project with power to spread: in the next 6 years, a complete borough of Bottrop (70,000 inhabitants) is to become a model of energy efficiency. iSCAPE will enable the city to materialise the goal to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% by 2020 using innovative technologies and proven methods in mobility and climate proof urban renewal.
iSCAPE will assess the effectiveness of photocatalytic coatings both on buildings and road surfaces for a wide range of weather conditions (i.e. effects of seasonality of meteorological parameters) in the controlled environment of UNIBO’s Engineering Campus located in one of the peripheral neighbourhoods of Bologna area, in real atmospheric conditions. The site is fully instrumented for the monitoring of meteo/climatic variables.
iSCAPE will assess different green passive cooling systems and find out different options; the physical properties of these systems will be studies and the cost-benefit structure of different options will be analysed in the current climate and in the future climate under different RCP-scenarios.
iSCAPE will use an activity-based modelling approach to assess ex-ante institutional changes in society in addition to land-use and transportation- system related factors, i.e. work times and work durations of individuals and opening hours of stores or other facilities for out-of-home activities. iSCAPE will test different responses such as changes in transport modes, frequency of trips, adaptations which are required to make the broader activity pattern consistent with the change, i.e. increase of out-of-home social activities in response to measures stimulating tele-working or an increased use of cars for shorter trips as a secondary effect of stimulating car-pooling for trips to work.
iSCAPE, in association with local authorities, will monitor the impact of restricted traffic zones in different climatic conditions in support to the analysis of behavioural change. Effect of urban vegetation will be assessed in terms of proof of concept by monitoring target neighbourhoods with and without trees and by studying the relationship between pollution dispersion, change in albedo and temperature. This is in line with recent approved policies (PAIR2020). The selected neighbourhoods will have different morphology, building density and street design with the purpose of assessing ventilation conditions that can be found in other EU cities. The proof of concept approach (e.g. different tree typology in different climatic zones) is the base for the generalisation of results in other sites.
iSCAPE will assess the influence of a roadside vegetation barrier on air pollutants concentration and associated exposure under different vegetation and meteorological conditions. This test site presents typical roadside conditions along the busy roads in the UK and elsewhere, where vegetation barriers are used to restrict air pollution from reaching sidewalks. This case complements the Dublin and Bologna test cases (barrier in street canyon and big trees) by studying the impact of roadside vegetation barriers along busy roads (highways passing through the city) with both sides open.